This page was last edited on 11 November 2018, at 18:49. No great changes should ever be made at once, nor should any change be made which violates established principles, creates great inconvenience, or obliterates the radicals of the language. Johnson has therefore wholly mistaken the appropriate sense of the word, deducing it from the manner of obtaining, rather than from the nature of the thing obtained. A Compendious Dictionary of the English Language, https://en.wikisource.org/w/index.php?title=A_Compendious_Dictionary_of_the_English_Language&oldid=8921798, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. A Compendious Dictionary of the English Language Kindle Edition by Noah Webster (Author) › Visit Amazon's Noah Webster Page. In 1798 he removed to New Haven. Launch from lance, is a corruption introduced at a very early period, with daunce for dance, auncient for ancient, maister for master, plaister for plaster, and numerous similar corruptions which mark the barbarism which succeeded the Norman conquest. Lesser, says Johnson, is a barbarous corruption of less, formed by the vulgar from the habit of terminating comparatives in er. The powers of many of the letters are very different in different languages. The same consequence may be deduced from the variableness of pronunciation among the leading characters of a nation. Johnson, in reverence to usage, retained this vitious orthography, without regarding the palpable absurdity of inserting u in primitive words, when it must be omitted in the derivatives, superiority, inferiority and the like; for no person ever wrote superiourity, inferiourity. Had these authors ever read a Saxon book with attention, they must have perceived their error. To which are added for the benefit of the merchant, the student and the traveller, I.—Tables of the moneys of most of the commercial nations in the world, with the value expressed in sterling and cents. More formidable objections than these may be made to our present grammars; but the limits of this preface will not permit a full discussion of this subject which is reserved for another work. This practice of ending words with e was doubtless warranted by the pronunciation, during the ages which followed the Norman conquest in England. 1, 2. Lond. But in truth these expressions contain the true dative case of the Saxon; me is in the dative, like the latin mihi, and no preposition was ever used before the pronoun in these and the like phrases. OF THE. Get Book. Ex. V.—The NUMBER of INHABITANTS in the United States, with the amount of EXPORTS. That is both. We have a few words of another class which remain as outlaws in orthography. In 1807 he published A Philosophical and Practical Grammar of the English Language. Learn about Author Central. The appropriate sense of the word is to make lighter or diminish an evil, or burden, as pain, grief, cares and the like; and a principal use of dictionaries is to mark this particular application of words. To prove the last remark to be an error, we need not resort to the Saxon, for every book we read, and every conversation we hear, demonstrates the fact. These are such as end in re, as sceptre, theatre, metre, mitre, nitre, lustre, sepulchre, spectre, and a few others. The introduction of e into vineyard is a modern corruption; the word not being compounded of vine and yard, but of the primitive [win] vin and yard, the correct pronunciation of which we retain. Such mistakes are the more surprising, because the compiler had Jacob and Cowel before him, and usually copied the definition of law terms from one or the other of those authorities. Indeed this error is so material, as to render his book a very improper guide to pronunciation. Drought and height are corruptions of drugothe, heatho; which the Saxons formed from dryg and heh or heah, dry and high, by adding the termination th as in length from leng; strength from streng, and as we form truth from true, width from wide, warmth from warm. "Thet ægther hiora on other hawede." By Noah Webster, Esq. See Boling, let. The mischiefs which proceed from such partial views of subjects are incalculable. In pursuance of this false rule, he condemns such passages as this. Kenrick did not reach the point of refinement demanded by the Court and Stage, and was neglected. See also page 61, 63, 79, 219. on May 1, 2019. Height is an innovation comparatively modern; and drought is the Belgic dialect of the Teutonic; but neither of these words existed in the Saxon, the parent of our language. COMPENDIOUS DICTIONARY. In which five thousand words are added to the number found in the best English compends; the orthography is, in some instances, corrected; the pronunciation marked by an accent or other suitable direction; and the definitions of many words amended and improved. of California, 1. p. 171. Download free pdf ebook today . Walker succeeded, condemned one half of Sheridan's court pronunciation, and for a short period, enjoyed a tide of popularity. Get Free Thesaurus Lingu Latin Compendiarus Or A Compendious Dictionary Of The Latin Tongue By … A Compendious Dictionary of the English Language (Perfect Library) [Webster, Noah, The Perfect Library] on Amazon.com. 8. Download: [PDF] a compendious dictionary of the french language A Compendious Dictionary Of The French Language. nardog This, like most innovations, introduced confusion, and rendered it convenient or necessary to use k in all words in which the power of k was wanted before those vowels. But in strictness, each has a distinct appropriate and technical sense—abdication denoting the abandonment of an office or trust without formality, and resignation, the voluntary surrender of a commission or office to the constituent. hist. Uploaded by Campbell, in his Philosophy of Rhetotic, remarks upon this observation of Lowth, that "there are cases wherein we cannot conveniently dispense with this relative as applied to persons:" as in this sentece, "Who that has any sense of religion would have argued thus? Under the Norman princes, when every effort of royal authority was exerted to crush the Saxons and obliterate their language, the Norman French was the only language of the English courts and legal proceedings, and the Latin words which, at that period, were introduced into use in England, came clothed with the French livery. 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